Miasta i turystyka, polityka turystyczna, PUBLIKACJE, ZARZĄDZANIE TURYSTYKĄ

Identification of overtourism in Poznań through the analysis of social conflicts [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Marta Pilarczyk, „Studia Periegetica”

Abstract: The purpose of the article is twofold: to diagnose tourism-related conflicts occurring in Poznań by identifying their intensity and key parties, and to determine the capacity of the key stakeholders in the city’s tourism system to mitigate these disputes. Because of its complex nature, overtourism in cities is a dangerous phenomenon, which is very hard to measure. Like other social conflicts, the intensity and development of overtourism can be measured by analysing tourism-related conflicts in the urban space, using tools offered by conflict management theories, especially Christopher Moore’s Circle of Conflict model. Conflict issues identified by the author are associated with the uncontrolled consumption of the city’s overall offering, which is manifested by the behaviour of city inhabitants, visitors from the metropolitan area, and tourists. The article contributes to the literature on overtourism by proposing an alternative method of identifying the scope and intensity of overtourism in the absence of objective measures and data. The author also proposes a method of evaluating key stakeholders’ capacity for conflict management in Poznań. Czytaj dalej

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Miasta i turystyka, PUBLIKACJE, ZARZĄDZANIE TURYSTYKĄ

The Sharing Economy and Sustainability of Urban Destinations in the (Over)tourism Context: The Social Capital Theory Perspective [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Grzegorz Leszczyński, Anna Waligóra, Wiesław Alejziak

Abstract: This article contributes to the discussion on the sustainability of the sharing economy by adopting the Social Capital Theory to expand explanations of the sharing economy’s role and scope of relations with local communities in the context of overtourism. As mutual relationships have not been fully recognized through a theoretical perspective, the article aims to examine the sustainability of the process of the sharing economy impacting urban tourism communities in light of Robert Putnam’s approach to Social Capital Theory. On the basis of a selective systematic review, the article discusses the sustainability of the sharing economy through the lens of bridging and bonding social capital. We argue that a new configuration of social capital, i.e., a sharing platform-modified social capital, arises from the unsustainable and disruptive power of the sharing economy implemented by virtual platforms, thereby contributing to an overtourism syndrome. However, from a medium- and long-term perspective, the sharing economy also impacts the bridging nature of social capital, which should lead to a more sustainable balance in its structure. This initial framework for understanding the impact of the sharing economy on sustainability of local communities provides an alternative approach to studying residents’ perceptions and attitudes towards tourism in the areas affected by overtourism. Czytaj dalej

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Miasta i turystyka, PUBLIKACJE, ZARZĄDZANIE TURYSTYKĄ

Deconstructing the Overtourism-Related Social Conflicts [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Joanna Kowalczyk-Anioł, Monika Dembińska

Abstract: The debate on overtourism still lacks conceptual precision in its delineation of the constituent elements and processes. In particular, conflict theory is rarely adopted, even though the social conflict is inscribed into the nature of this phenomenon. This article aims to frame the discussion about (over)tourism within the perspective of social conflict theory by adopting the conflict deconstructing methods in order to diagnose the constructs and intensity of disputes associated with overtourism. In pursuit of this aim, the study addresses the following two research questions: (1) To what extent has the heuristic power of the conflict theory been used in overtourism discourse? and (2) How can overtourism be measured by the nature of the social conflicts referring to urban tourism development? The systematic literature review was conducted to analyze research developments on social conflicts within the overtourism discourse. In the empirical section (the case studies of the Polish cities, Krakow and Poznan), we deconstruct the social conflicts into five functional causes (i.e., values, relationship, data, structural, and interests) to diagnose the nature of the conflicts with respect to urban tourism development. This study shows that value conflicts impact most intensively on the nature and dynamics of the conflicts related to overtourism. Czytaj dalej

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Miasta i turystyka, PUBLIKACJE, ZARZĄDZANIE TURYSTYKĄ

Returning life to the center of Tehran: The Oudlajan foodscape [publication]

Shiva Hakimian, Ali Afshar, Joanna Kowalczyk-Anioł

Abstract: The Oudlajan revitalization project proposed in the article, relates to both its contemporary needs and its potential. In its idea, the project uses the Iranian tradition of ‘hangout’ and refers to current trends in spending leisure time as well as shaping (designing) inclusive urban space. In terms of purpose, the project presented is applied, and in terms of methods used, it is a descriptive and analytical (qualitative) study. The article is also a voice in the debate on tourism and urban regeneration. By displaying Persian conditions in shaping the foodscape (tourism taste-space), it contributes to the dynamically-developing research on food tourism and urban culinary space.  Czytaj dalej

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Miasta i turystyka, PUBLIKACJE, TRENDY INNOWACJE

[rozmowa] Problem overtourismu nie dotyczy jeszcze polskich miast

Problem tzw. overtourismu dotyczy wciąż wąskiej grupy miast: Wenecji, Florencji, Barcelony czy Lizbony. Miasta polskie do nich nie należą, mamy wciąż nie w pełni wykorzystany potencjał – twierdzi dr hab. Piotr Zmyślony, z Katedry Turystyki, Uniwersytetu Ekonomicznego w Poznaniu(„Wiadomości Turystyczne” nr 23, 1-15 grudnia 2018) Czytaj dalej

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GOSPODARKA NOCNA, Miasta i turystyka, polityka turystyczna, PUBLIKACJE, RECENZJE RELACJE, ZARZĄDZANIE TURYSTYKĄ

Miasta historyczne 3.0: Miasto 24 godziny [relacja/publikacja]

MIASTA HISTORYCZNE 3.0a

W miastach historycznych narasta problem niekontrolowanego i niezrównoważonego rozwoju turystyki. Oferta turystyczna oparta jest na dziedzictwie kulturowym, a więc zasobie, którego wartość marketingowa jest uzależniona od jego ochrony i zabezpieczania przed degradacją, wywoływaną przez wzmożony ruch turystyczny. Ten paradoks zarządzania turystyką w miastach historycznych nabiera dodatkowego znaczenia w kontekście zmian podaży turystycznej wywołanej globalizacją. Gęstą sieć hoteli oraz pensjonatów w historycznej tkance miast dopełniły w ostatnich latach hostele oraz apartamenty korzystające z internetowych platform dystrybucji typu peer-to-peer. Długo- okresowym skutkiem turystyfikacji miast historycznych jest ich gentryfikacja mieszkaniowa i handlowa, w efekcie której następuje stopniowy odpływ dotychczasowych mieszkańców, wypychanych w sensie ekonomicznym i społecznym z atrakcyjnych dzielnic historycznych. Proces ten wywołuje konflikty na linii mieszkańcy – turyści. W Wenecji, Barcelonie, Dubrowniku, Lizbonie czy Amsterdamie mieszkańcy organizują demonstracje uliczne, happeningi i blokady dróg transportowych. Pojawia się zatem pytanie, jaka powinna być rola Destination Management Organisation (DMO) w warunkach nadmiernego rozwoju turystyki. Czy współczesne DMO czują się na siłach, aby podjąć podjąć wyzwanie i zmierzyć się z tym problemem i jakie działania podejmują lub powinny podjąć, aby wspierać możliwie niekonfliktowy rozwój turystyki?  Czytaj dalej

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GOSPODARKA NOCNA, Miasta i turystyka, PUBLIKACJE, RECENZJE RELACJE, ZARZĄDZANIE TURYSTYKĄ

Historical Cities 3.0: 24-hour city [publication]

In historical cities, there is a growing problem related to uncontrolled and unsustainable tourism development. The tourism offer is based on cultural heritage, which is a resource whose marketing value depends on its protection against degradation resulting from increased tourist traffic. This paradox related to tourism management in historical cities gains an additional meaning in the context of the change in tourism supply resulting from globalisation. A dense network of hotels in the historical ur- ban fabric has recently been supplemented by hostels and apartments rented via online peer- to-peer platforms. The long-term effect of touristification of historical cities is their residential and commercial gentrification, which results in the gradual outflow of the previous residents, who are economically and socially pushed out of attractive historical districts. This process leads to conflicts between the residents and the tourists. In Venice, Barcelona, Dubrovnik, Lisbon or Amsterdam, the residents organise street protests, happenings, and blockades of transport routes. Hence the question: what role should Destination Management Organisation (DMO) play in the face of overtourism? Are the contemporary DMOs feel up to the challenge and what measures do they take or should they take to ensure that tourism development is as conflict free as possible?  Czytaj dalej

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