The Sharing Economy and Sustainability of Urban Destinations in the (Over)tourism Context: The Social Capital Theory Perspective [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Grzegorz Leszczyński, Anna Waligóra, Wiesław Alejziak

Abstract: This article contributes to the discussion on the sustainability of the sharing economy by adopting the Social Capital Theory to expand explanations of the sharing economy’s role and scope of relations with local communities in the context of overtourism. As mutual relationships have not been fully recognized through a theoretical perspective, the article aims to examine the sustainability of the process of the sharing economy impacting urban tourism communities in light of Robert Putnam’s approach to Social Capital Theory. On the basis of a selective systematic review, the article discusses the sustainability of the sharing economy through the lens of bridging and bonding social capital. We argue that a new configuration of social capital, i.e., a sharing platform-modified social capital, arises from the unsustainable and disruptive power of the sharing economy implemented by virtual platforms, thereby contributing to an overtourism syndrome. However, from a medium- and long-term perspective, the sharing economy also impacts the bridging nature of social capital, which should lead to a more sustainable balance in its structure. This initial framework for understanding the impact of the sharing economy on sustainability of local communities provides an alternative approach to studying residents’ perceptions and attitudes towards tourism in the areas affected by overtourism. Czytaj dalej

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Miasta i turystyka

Historical Cities 3.0: Managing Tourist Experiences

I am a tourist. I want to experience and I want to explore.
I like having fun, being close to my friends and relatives, feeling their feedback wherever and whenever I travel.
I travel with my mobile. My mobile is my friend, my map, my planner, my diary, my media and my data container. I share cookies in every city I visit.
I’m on Facebook, I’m on Instagram, I’m on Tripadvisor, I’m on Twitter, I’m on Youtube, I’m virtual. My experience is data.
I can look inside the city I am going to visit, before visiting it. Online groups, discussion platforms, social media channels, official websites and travel blogs are open to me. I learn from them, and they learn from me. This is where my travel begins.
I want to manage my travel from the beginning to the end in real-time. I love experiencing personalisation and easy payments. I love real-time information because I want to stay well informed.
I am a responsible tourist. I am a premium tourist. I am overtourism. I am oversharing. I am overreacting because of coronavirus.
That is what I am. Czytaj dalej

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Deconstructing the Overtourism-Related Social Conflicts [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Joanna Kowalczyk-Anioł, Monika Dembińska

Abstract: The debate on overtourism still lacks conceptual precision in its delineation of the constituent elements and processes. In particular, conflict theory is rarely adopted, even though the social conflict is inscribed into the nature of this phenomenon. This article aims to frame the discussion about (over)tourism within the perspective of social conflict theory by adopting the conflict deconstructing methods in order to diagnose the constructs and intensity of disputes associated with overtourism. In pursuit of this aim, the study addresses the following two research questions: (1) To what extent has the heuristic power of the conflict theory been used in overtourism discourse? and (2) How can overtourism be measured by the nature of the social conflicts referring to urban tourism development? The systematic literature review was conducted to analyze research developments on social conflicts within the overtourism discourse. In the empirical section (the case studies of the Polish cities, Krakow and Poznan), we deconstruct the social conflicts into five functional causes (i.e., values, relationship, data, structural, and interests) to diagnose the nature of the conflicts with respect to urban tourism development. This study shows that value conflicts impact most intensively on the nature and dynamics of the conflicts related to overtourism. Czytaj dalej

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Miasta i turystyka, PUBLIKACJE

From Centrally Driven Variations to Market-Driven Development: Models of Urban Tourism Evolution in Poland [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Marek Nowacki


This chapter discusses the impact of politics and economics on urban tourism development in Poland over the last 70 years. It aims to verify the hypothesis of the overall model of the post-Soviet urban destination life cycle. Seven major Polish cities in Poland have been examined: Gdańsk, Kraków, Łódź, Lublin, Poznań, Warszawa, and Wrocław. According to the results, the impact of the shift from communism to capitalism on their tourism evolution trajectories is not unequivocal and equal. Subsequently, three different models of the evolution of the urban tourist function have been identified. Czytaj dalej

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Tourism and the night-time economy: the perspective article [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Robert Pawlusiński, „Tourism Review”


Purpose – This paper aims to depict the evolution of the relationship between tourism and the night-time economy (NTE) from 1946 to 2095.

Design/methodology/approach – This paper enables the feedback loop concept rooted in general system theory to identify positive and negative feedback loops between tourism and the NTE. The study is based on selective literature on the topic.

Findings – The paper recognises the volatility of positive and negative loops in the past and the dominance of positive feedback loops in the future. This paper also identifies the primary triggers of the feedback loops as technological, economic, environmental, political, social and market. Czytaj dalej

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Cities in the experience economy: the rise and the future of urban leisure formats [publication]

Piotr Zmyślony, Karolina Wędrowicz, „Journal of Tourism Futures”, Emerald.


Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to discuss the rise and the future of urban leisure format (ULF), i.e. local seasonal short-lived and repeatable small-scale place-time-based staging urban leisure experiences which become the focus of recreation and tourism development in many cities. It aims to analyse the structure of the ULF by identifying its main features and also to propose the future developments of the concept.

Design/methodology/approach: The study is based on the experience economy principles. It develops the models for structured experiences/experienscape by adding the analogy with television programme formats to propose the general logic of constructing, organising and packetizing urban leisure experiences that are multiplied effectively to other urban time-spaces. Czytaj dalej

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[Zmyślony Turysta] Banksy, Venice, Overtourism

O zjawisku hipertrofii turystyki, określonym na świecie popularnym zwrotem overtourism, napisano już tysiące słów w prasie branżowej, encyklopediach oraz czasopismach naukowych. Wenecja uznawana jest za modelowy przykład, ukuto nawet termin syndrom wenecki i zrealizowano na ten temat dokument. Symbolem stały się wielkie wycieczkowce oraz protesty przeciw nim organizowane przez ruchy miejskie.

Aż wreszcie do Wenecji przyleciał Banksy. Czytaj dalej

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